KHABAROVSK

 

 
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Khabarovsk

ABOUT CITY & Khabarovsk Territory

Khabarovsk is situated along the Amur river, the main waterway of the Far East. Khabarovsk is next to the Trans-Siberian Railway connecting Moscow with Vladivostok. 

Khabarovsk, one of the oldest cities of Amur region, was founded and developed according to ancient urban construction rules: located on a high river bank, facing a wide and spacious river, built for a population consisting of military, crafts and trade people. Its position attracted everyone who ever lived on the Amur river or floated over it. 

According to historical records, in 1644 Vasiliy Poyarkov, an explorer of the Amur river, was the first who stopped right here with his team and spent many days. Just a few years later Yerofei Khabarov visit this very place. But the history of exploration and development of Khabarovsk is connected to the name of G.I. Nevelskoy. He was the first person who determined this location as the best and convenient for the city which in the future would become the key to the entire Russian Far East. In February, 1854 he addressed a request to General-Governor N.N. Muravyov to arrange a military post. On May 18, 1858, by the old calendar, the military post Khabarovka was established. It was named after Yerofei Khabarov, the Cossack explorer who two hundred years before founded the first Russian settlement on the Amur river. 

In 1864 the topographist M. Lyubensky made the first master plan of a future city. In 1865 Khabarovsk had about 200 houses and 1294 residents. The first builders of the city were soldiers and officers of 13th East-Siberian battalion commanded by captain Y.V. Dyachenko who were sent there as Russian border guards. 

Three ridges of distant branches of Sikhote Alin mountains where the first streets were built became the historical part of the settlement. The first settlers called them 'hills': Military Hill, Middle Hill. Of all the former hills the name of the only one has preserved - Cossachya Hill or simply Cossachka. A river cargo port  is located at its foot today. At first Kabarovka was settled mainly by servicemen. The military post also attracted salesmen - people from the Baikal region and Siberia, Orenburg and Perm, Kazan and Kursk, Nizhniy Novgorod and Kiev, Bessarabia and Ryazan, Moscow and Petersburg. Military and government officers came to Khabarovka only for a few years looking for preferential service records and promotion.  Soldiers, Cossacks, merchants, handicraftsmen and peasants stayed for a long time or forever forming the base of Khabarovsk citizens, - the people who started to worry about roads, about schools opening, medical institutions and self-rule possibilities. 

In 1873 Kababarovka was visited by its famous visitor, the Great Prince Alexei Alexandrovich, who became the first imperial family  'Chief' of the Far East. His visit left its trace, the first and main street of Khabarovka was named Alexeevskaya and the first educational establishment, a primary school opened opened in 1875, was called Alexeevskoye. The next visitor was Prince Nikolai who in 1891 replaced Alexei Alexandrovich as 'Chief', whose name would soon be found to an even greater extent in the city. His arrival was dated to the opening of the monument of N.N. Muraviov-Amursky. 

Only in 1893 the city received its current name of Khabarovsk. The fast development of the city at the end of 18th - and beginning of the 19th cc was connected with the construction of large railways in the Far East. In 1891 construction of the Ussuriisky rail line, the most distant part of the Trans-Siberian railroad, was begun. And in 1897 travel between Khabarovsk and Vladivostok had already started.  After the Russ-Japanese war the construction of the Amursky section of the Trans-Siberian railroad began. After that the railroad bridge across Amur river was built (1913-1916) and it was called 'The Miracle of the 20th Century'.  It was the last point in this greatest construction project. 

The climate of Khabarovsk is a monsoon climate. Winter in Khabarovsk is long, the coldest month is January. Even in the warmest days of January the air temperature drops below -23º C. Winter winds bring cold and dry air from Siberia, but you can sunburn even at the temperature of -12-15º C on the South of the Area at the western slopes of Sikhote-Alin Mountains, the only place in Russia with so many sunny winter days. White snow, fairytale winter attire of cedar taiga, plenty of animals traces create a good winter ecological tourism. 

Summer winds from the Pacific Ocean bring cloudy and rainy weather. Summer is hot and humid. Summer comes to Khabarovsk at the beginning of June and lasts for three months and usually it's the time of the largest amount of rain. The warmest month is July. Air temperature  reaches 30-32º C and some days it goes up to 35-40º C. September is still warm and sunny, colored with gold leaves. 

Today Khabarovsk is the capital of the Khabarovsk Territory and one of the largest cities in the Russian Far East with a population of 650 000. It's situated on 3 gigantic hills overlooking the mighty Amur river. Khabarovsk displays a remarkable richness of architecture that includes elegantly restored 19th century buildings, historic monuments, sanctuaries and museums. Muravyov-Amursky street is the most popular place for walking.  

If you have just a few hours for sightseeing in suburbs of Khabarovsk you'll get a plenty of indelible impressions! The Recovery Center of Wild Animals is just  150km away from the city. You can see a tiger, a black bear, a maral and many other inhabitants of Ussuri taiga. The Ethnographic Complex in Sikachi-Alyan village is worth seeing. You'll get acquainted with arrangement of dwellings of Neolithic man and his way of life (5-7 thousand years ago). You'll see wares of Nanaj people and their ancestors, visit their dwellings made at the end of the 19th-beginning of the 20th centuries.  Lotus lakes, "Tiger House" Urochishche and ecological path of the Bolshehehtsirsky Reserve are  not far from the city also. 

And we can't help saying some words about ice-fishing, dressed troikas of horses and pancakes during the old Russian holidays "farewell of winter", various icy figures decorated the main square of Khabarovsk city on the New Year's Eve. You are welcome to Khabarovsk and its suburbs!  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

You are welcome to Khabarovsk!

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