MUSEUMS. Natural History Museum
- J. Sambuu Street at the intersection with Suhbaatar Street, one block north-west of the Square
- Сorner of Khuvsgalchdyn Orgon Choloo and Sukhbaataryn Gudamj
- Open (winter time) Wednesday through Sunday from 10.00 am to 04.30 pm.;
- Closed on Monday and Tuesday, during the Mongolian Lunar New Year.
- Open (summer time May-September) daily from 10.00 am to 04.30 pm but on Monday from 10.00 am to 03.00 pm
It's the oldest public museum in Mongolia. Its exhibits display geography, flora and fauna, paleontology and anthropology of
Mongolia. You have an opportunity to see and old map of Mongolian territory, numerous objects from all over Mongolia,
including precious stones, stuffed and embalmed animals, birds and fish. You'll find the awesome meteorites (e.g. Noyon bogd
meteorite which weighs 582kg and Kherulen meteorite, very rare specimen because of its glass component) in the geology
section and more than 200 species of birds in Ornithological Gallery.
But the most impressive are two complete skeletons of dinosaurs - the giant carnivorous Tarbosaurus (16m in length and four
to five tons in weight) and the duck-billed herbivorous Saurolophus (10-15m in length) found in the Mongolian Gobi Desert.
What about petrified dinosaurs' eggs, fossils and petrified wood? They are 70 million years old! And complete human skeleton
found in a grave dated back to the 13th century!
If you are interested in evolution of ancient plants you are welcome to see it here. You'll find more than 140 kinds of
medicinal, edible and shrubby wooden plants from the Gobi Desert, mountain and steppe regions of Mongolia.
The museum is rich in dioramas. Notice here please the diorama of snow leopard. Snow Leopard was added to the World Red Book
of Endangered Species. There are horns and antlers of animals protected by low including wild sheep, wild goat, elk and deer
also on display.
You can see reindeers and wolves from polar life; Ussurian Elk or Moose, Eurasian lynx and brown bear, musk deer and wild
mountain sheep from taiga zone; marmots and white tailed gazelles which are spread throughout eastern steppe zone of
Mongolia. You will be surprised to see lions and monkey which are more typical for the African savanna. What do you know
about animals from the Mongolian Gobi Desert? You'll find some of them here: Bactrian Camel, the Wild Ass, Przevalski's Wild
Horse, the black tailed Gazelle and almost -extinct Mongolian Gobi Bear. They are the rarest animals in the world.